Moderator: Ali Tavakkoli, MB, BS, FACS, FRCS, Boston, MA
Co-Moderator: Jayleen M. Grams, MD, PhD, FACS, Birmingham, AL

Significant progress has been made in the field of metabolic surgery with randomized studies indicating a definitive role for bariatric operations in the treatment of diabetes. The underlying mechanisms of these benefits, however, remain poorly understood and the durability of these interventions are still in question. The uptake of surgery amongst those who qualify also remains low. This session will review shortand long-term data supporting the role of surgery to treat diabetes, discuss the basic mechanisms underlying the metabolic benefits of surgery, and describe how this scientific knowledge is used to develop surgical alternatives and new devices.

Presentations and Speakers

Impact of Bariatric Surgery on T2D (Type 2 Diabetes) and Weight
Anita P. Courcoulas, Pittsburgh, PA

How Does Bariatric Surgery Work?
Randy Seeley, PhD, Ann Arbor, MI

Using Science to Improve Surgery
Ali Tavakkoli, MB, BS, FACS, FRCS, Boston, MA

Using Science to Replace Surgery: Evolving Field of Metabolic Devices
Naji N. Abumrad, MD, FACS, Nashville, TN