Modertor: Sharon L. Stein, MD, FACS, Cleveland, OH
Co-Modertor: Ronald V. Maier, MD, FACS, FRCSEd(Hon), Seattle, WA

Women and minorities remain underrepresented in pay, opportunity, and leadership positions in surgery. Parity is linked to success in business and in health care; profitability, productivity, performance, and innovation all increase when racial and gender equality are achieved. Current estimates are that true parity will be not achieved until well into the 22nd century at the current rates of diffusion of women and minorities into the profession. This panel will explore the important and timely topic of parity in the domain of surgery, including enumerating the benefits of parity, identifying barriers to achieving parity, and specifying solutions that can be implemented now to accelerate the fulfillment of parity.

Presentations and Speakers

Setting the Stage: Where Are We and Why Does It Matter?
Caprice C. Greenberg, MD, MPH, FACS, Madison, WI

Steps Forward: What Has and Is Being Done at Academic Institutions?
Sherry M. Wren, MD, FACS, FCS(ECSA), Palo Alto, CA

Lessons from Outside Surgery: How Others Work to Achieve Parity
Siri Chilazi, MBA, MPP, Cambridge, MA

Panel of Discussants and Action Plan  
Herbert Chen, MD